High blood pressure. Causes, symptoms, treatments

[Treatment of febrile convulsions].


The inhaled corticosteroid, fluticasone propionate (fluticasone), and the long-acting beta(2)-agonist, formoterol fumarate (formoterol), have been combined in a single aerosol inhaler (fluticasone/formoterol). In a randomized, open-label study, fluticasone/formoterol showed similar efficacy to fluticasone/salmeterol after 12 weeks of treatment. This post-hoc analysis compared the onset of bronchodilation with the two treatments.

Thirty children with moderate to severe asthma, mean age 12.7 years (range 10 to 17 years), mean duration of asthma 8.4 years, initially received flunisolide 1500 microg/day for 1 year, and then were switched to fluticasone propionate 880 microg/day and followed for an additional year. Pulmonary function tests (PFTs) were monitored and analyzed before and after the switch for the duration of study. Mean percent predicted for age values for FVC, FEV1, FEF25-75%, and FEFR were compared at 1 month, 2 to 6-month intervals, and 7 to 12-month intervals and during the same season of the year. Pulmonary function tests within 3 weeks of an exacerbation were not included in the study. The number of asthma exacerbations, emergency room visits, hospital admissions, and number of school days lost were also compared.

In the present study the human monoblast cell line U937 has been used as a model to study the function of human mononuclear phagocytes in asthma. The kinetics of the production of eicosanoids and cytokines, which are thought to play a role in the pathogenesis of asthma, were studied. In addition, the effects of glucocorticosteroids were investigated, as these drugs are of great importance for the treatment of asthmatic patients. After stimulation with phorbol-12 myristate acetate (PMA) for 24 h, U937 cells were cultured in the absence or presence of lipopolysaccharide (LPS: 1 and 5 microg ml(-1)) and glucocorticosteroids (budesonide, fluticasone propionate and prednisolone: 10(-11), 10(-9) and 10(-7) M) for 96 h. The production of interleukin-1beta (IL-1beta), interleukin-6 (IL-6), prostaglandin E2 (PGE2) and thromboxane B2 (TxB2) gradually increased in time after stimulation with LPS, whereas the transient production of tumor necrosis factor alpha (TNF-alpha) reached its maximum between 6 and 12 h. Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma), interleukin-10 (IL-10) and leukotriene B4 (LTB4) were not detectable. All three glucocorticosteroids (budesonide, fluticasone propionate and prednisolone) completely inhibited the production of both eicosanoids and cytokines. The production of eicosanoids was more sensitive to these glucocorticoids than the production of cytokines. The observed differences in the kinetics of the production of eicosanoids and cytokines stress the importance of time course experiments in studies on the effect of drugs on mononuclear cells.

To compare the effectiveness and tolerability of mometasone furoate to placebo and to fluticasone propionate aqueous nasal spray, all treatments administered once-daily, in patients with perennial rhinitis.

Oral corticosteroids used in short courses for acute asthma are regarded as safe, although the frequent use of these drugs may result in patients suffering from systemic side effects. It has become common practice for patients to increase their own inhaled corticosteroid intake when their asthma goes out of control, but it has never been established whether a high dose of inhaled corticosteroid can be as effective as a short course of oral corticosteroid in the treatment of acute exacerbations.

The study population included 33,939 adult asthmatics (at least 12 years of age) continuously enrolled in 1 of 4 participating health plans for the 6-month study period. Every subject was in 1 of 10 different pharmacotherapy treatment groups. Univariate and multivariate analyses were used to compare the rates and costs of pharmaceutical prescriptions and medical care services between patients on salmeterol plus fluticasone and patients with other pharmacologic therapies.

Medical specialists are often seen as the first prescribers of new drugs. However, the extent to which specialists influence new drug prescribing in primary care is largely unknown.

Randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled trial conducted from October 2003 to January 2006.

We sought to investigate whether treatment with fluticasone propionate nasal drops (FPNDs) can reduce the need for surgery, as measured by signs and symptoms of nasal polyposis and chronic rhinosinusitis, in patients who are on the waiting list for functional endoscopic sinus surgery (FESS).

There are no indications that early treatment with inhaled corticosteroids modifies a rapid decline in lung function or respiratory symptoms and quality of life.

The effect of topical 0.1% and 0.03% tacrolimus ointment, tacrolimus base ointment, different dilutions of 0.05% fluticasone propionate (FP) cream and emollient on the development of dermatitis in APOC1 mice was investigated. WWT was performed with 0.03% tacrolimus ointment or 0.017% FP cream.