High blood pressure. Causes, symptoms, treatments

Toxicogenomic analysis of a sustained release local anesthetic delivery system.

2017-04-23

Out of 266 unique records, a total of 22 were reviewed. The majority of RCTs were of unclear methodological quality because of limited reporting of methods. Pooled evidence suggests that selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs), topical anesthetic creams (TAs), tramadol, and phosphodiesterase type 5 inhibitors (PDE5is) are more effective than placebo at increasing IELT (all p<0.05). However, interpretation of the current meta-analyses may be impaired as a result of frequent heterogeneity in the pooled analyses (all I(2) > 70%). Only pooled analyses for dapoxetine 30mg and 60mg were characterized by homogeneous data (both I(2)<30%) while showing a modest but statistically significant improvement in IELT compared with placebo (mean difference 1.39min, 95% confidence interval 1.23-1.54min; p<0.00001).

Premature ejaculation is a condition for which the cause is not well understood. Several types of treatment with medium to low efficacy are available. More research is necessary to identify the ideal treatment.

We randomly assigned 116 PE patients to receive dapoxetine on demand at 30 mg qd (dapoxetine group, n = 60, aged 23-49 years) or oral tamsulosin at 20 mg qd (control group, n = 56, aged 24-46 years). After 4 weeks of medication, we compared the clinical global impression of change (CGIC) , PE profile (PEP) scores, intravaginal ejaculation latency time (IELT) , and adverse reactions between the two groups of patients.

To compare the safety and efficacy of dapoxetine and acupuncture for the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE) with other treatment methods.

Dapoxetine has been evaluated for the on-demand treatment of premature ejaculation (PE) in five phase 3 studies in various populations worldwide and has recently been approved in several countries.

The management recommendation for both acquired premature ejaculation (APE) and lifelong PE (LPE) are similar, such as a behavioral/psychotherapy, a pharmacotherapy and a combination of these treatments. For the drug treatment for PE, gold standard is selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) including dapoxetine or paroxetine. The drug treatment for PE is still developing and some new promising therapeutic options have been proposed. Topical anesthetics, tramadol, and alpha-1 blockers will be the next strategies of the drug treatment for PE in the future.

To study how men with lifelong PE feel about the use of serotonergic antidepressants, and which option they would prefer for themselves: either a daily drug, a drug to be used on demand, or a topical anesthetic cream to be applied on demand.

Premature ejaculation is a condition for which the cause is not well understood. Several types of treatment with medium to low efficacy are available. More research is necessary to identify the ideal treatment.

Dapoxetine is the first oral agent approved for the treatment of premature ejaculation (PE). However, some countries have not approved its use. The goal of this meta-analysis was to provide more information about the efficacy and safety of dapoxetine in patients with PE.

Premature ejaculation (PE) is a common male sexual disorder. Recent normative data suggest that men with an intravaginal ejaculatory latency time (IELT) of less than 1 minute have "definite" PE, while men with IELTs between 1 and 1.5 minutes have "probable" PE. Although there is insufficient empirical evidence to identify the etiology of PE, there is limited correlational evidence to suggest that men with PE have high levels of sexual anxiety and inherited altered sensitivity of central 5-HT (serotonin) receptors. Pharmacological modulation of the ejaculatory threshold using off-label daily or on-demand selective serotonin re-uptake inhibitors (SSRIs) offers patients a high likelihood of achieving improved ejaculatory control within a few days of initiating treatment, consequential improvements in sexual desire and other sexual domains and is well tolerated. Investigational drugs such as the ejaculo-selective serotonin transport inhibitors (ESSTIs) such as dapoxetine and UK-390,957 represent a major development in sexual medicine. These drugs offer patients the convenience of on-demand dosing, significant improvements in IELT, ejaculatory control, and sexual satisfaction with minimal adverse effects.

Currently used treatment options for PE.

The management recommendation for both acquired premature ejaculation (APE) and lifelong PE (LPE) are similar, such as a behavioral/psychotherapy, a pharmacotherapy and a combination of these treatments. For the drug treatment for PE, gold standard is selective serotonin reuptake inhibitors (SSRIs) including dapoxetine or paroxetine. The drug treatment for PE is still developing and some new promising therapeutic options have been proposed. Topical anesthetics, tramadol, and alpha-1 blockers will be the next strategies of the drug treatment for PE in the future.

The aim of the study was to determine whether dapoxetine, a short-acting selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor, acts at the spinal or supraspinal level to inhibit the ejaculatory reflex.