High blood pressure. Causes, symptoms, treatments

Gold nanoparticle mediated designing of non-hydrolytic sol-gel cross-linked metformin imprinted polymer network: a theoretical and experimental study.

2017-04-24

Losartan + HCTZ was as effective as bisoprolol + HCTZ, with target office BP achieved in 96.9% and 92.6% of patients and target 24-hour BP in 75% and 66.7% of patients, respectively, after 6 months. Effective treatment of BP led to significant lowering of central systolic BP, but this was decreased to a significantly (P < 0.05) greater extent by losartan + HCTZ (-23.0 ± 2.3 mmHg) than by bisoprolol + HCTZ (-15.4 ± 2.9 mmHg) despite equal lowering of brachial BP. Factors correlated with central systolic BP and its lowering differed between the treatment groups. Losartan + HCTZ did not alter arterial stiffness patterns significantly, but bisoprolol + HCTZ significantly increased AIx. We noted differences in ΔPWVE, ΔPWVM, and ΔAIx between the groups in favor of losartan + HCTZ. Decreased heart rate was associated with higher central systolic BP and AIx in the bisoprolol + HCTZ group, but was not associated with increased AIx in the losartan + HCTZ group.

The FDA Modernization Act has resulted in an increase in pediatric trials of antihypertensive medications. As experience is limited in children to guide the planning of these studies, we reviewed data from the Ziac Pediatric Hypertension Study to determine patterns of early study termination to help future studies.

The aim of this study was to compare the antihypertensive efficacy of losartan 100 mg + hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) 25 mg versus bisoprolol 10 mg + HCTZ 25 mg and their influence on arterial stiffness and central blood pressure (BP).

The association of an on-line circulation system with a chemometrics-assisted UV detection strategy is described as a useful system to continuously monitor the dissolution of a pharmaceutical preparation containing two active ingredients, and as a tool for the simultaneous determination of the dissolution curves and dissolution profiles of the latter. Multivariate curve resolution with alternating least squares (MCR-ALS) was used as the chemometric tool to quantitate the analytes, while the hydrochlorothiazide-bisoprolol fumarate (HCT-BIS) association was employed as a model for method development. The experiments were carried out with a dissolution tester configured as apparatus II (paddles), under USP 32 official conditions. The suitability of the calibration procedure for quantitating the dissolved drugs was assessed according to ICH guidelines, with regards to linearity in the working range, specificity, accuracy and precision. Figures of merit, including limits of detection and quantitation were also determined, as well as the method's robustness with regards to detection wavelength range. The system was able to consistently provide very reproducible dissolution curves of commercial tablets, which were statistically similar to those furnished by a manual sampling technique, followed by HPLC analysis. To demonstrate the usefulness of the proposed system, the dissolution profiles of different lots of HCT-BIS tablets were acquired and three of them were conveniently compared at a 31 data point level, employing the f(1) and f(2) ("difference" and "similarity") indexes. Use of multiple data points for comparison ensured reliability of the results.

Sub-Saharan Africa experiences an epidemic surge in hypertension. Studies in African Americans led to the recommendation to initiate antihypertensive treatment in Blacks with a diuretic or a low-dose fixed combination including a diuretic. We mounted the Newer versus Older Antihypertensive Agents in African Hypertensive Patients (NOAAH) trial to compare in native African patients a fixed combination of newer drugs, not involving a diuretic, with a combination of older drugs including a diuretic.

Sub-Saharan Africa experiences an epidemic surge in hypertension. Studies in African Americans led to the recommendation to initiate antihypertensive treatment in Blacks with a diuretic or a low-dose fixed combination including a diuretic. We mounted the Newer versus Older Antihypertensive Agents in African Hypertensive Patients (NOAAH) trial to compare in native African patients a fixed combination of newer drugs, not involving a diuretic, with a combination of older drugs including a diuretic.

NOAAH (NCT01030458) is the first randomized multicenter trial of antihypertensive medications in hypertensive patients born and living in sub-Saharan Africa.

Although both treatments decreased both office and 24-hour BP, losartan + HCTZ significantly decreased central systolic BP and had a more positive influence on pulse wave velocity, with a less negative effect of decreased heart rate on AIx and central systolic BP.

Six centers in four sub-Saharan countries started patient recruitment on September 1, 2010. On December 1, 195 patients were screened, 171 were enrolled, and 51 were randomized and followed up. The trial will be completed in the third quarter of 2011.

NOAAH (NCT01030458) is the first randomized multicenter trial of antihypertensive medications in hypertensive patients born and living in sub-Saharan Africa.